JEE Main Reservation 2024: JEE Main, a national-level examination, serves as the gateway for candidates aspiring to secure admission into top engineering colleges in India. With the exam conducted twice a year by the National Test Agency (NTA), the 2024 application period is anticipated to commence in December 2023, aligning with the exam dates.
JEE Main Reservation Criteria 2024
The JEE Main Reservation Criteria 2024 outlines rules and guidelines for reserving seats based on diverse categories, ensuring equal opportunities for candidates. The major beneficiaries of this reservation system include Scheduled Caste (SC), Scheduled Tribe (ST), Other Backward Classes (OBC-NCL), Economically Weaker Sections (EWS), Persons with Disabilities (PwD), and Women Candidates. The criteria are established by the Government of India and the respective participating universities.
Overview of JEE Main Reservation
JEE Main, held annually, attracts thousands of candidates seeking admission to undergraduate programs in prestigious institutions like the Indian Institutes of Information Technology (IIITs), National Institutes of Technology (NITs), and other Centrally Funded Technical Institutes (CFTIs). The JEE Main Reservation system plays a crucial role in allocating seats fairly, aiming to bridge the gap between socially and economically diverse backgrounds.
Reservation in Central Institutes: NITs, IIITs, and CFTIs
Several central institutions participate in the JEE Main examination, each adhering to reservation guidelines outlined by the Indian government. The reservation percentages for various categories in these institutes include:
Some institutions extend additional reservations for women, home-state candidates, and other state candidates, promoting inclusivity and gender balance.
Reservation in State Universities
State universities that participate in JEE Main follow state-specific reservation guidelines, which can vary between states and institutes. These guidelines may include considerations for candidates from the local area, linguistic or religious minorities, and more. As these criteria are state-specific, candidates are advised to refer to the official websites of state universities for precise information.
Claiming JEE Main Reservation: A Step-by-Step Process
To avail the benefits of JEE Main Reservation 2024, candidates should follow these steps:
- Fill out the JEE Main application form, selecting the appropriate category.
- Upload scanned copies of the category certificate and other required documents.
- Download the admit card and verify category details.
- During JEE Main counseling, submit the original category certificate and other documents for verification.
Candidates failing to provide adequate proof of their reservation claim will be considered under the general or unreserved category.
Documents Required for JEE Main Reservation
Candidates need to submit various documents based on their category. General requirements include:
- Class 10 certificate or birth certificate for date of birth verification.
- Class 12 mark sheet or certificate as proof of qualifying exam.
- Aadhar Card or acceptable ID document.
- Passport size photograph and signature.
Specific documents for different categories include caste certificates, non-creamy layer certificates, income and asset certificates, disability certificates, and more. Candidates must ensure these documents are valid and up-to-date.
Understanding JEE Main Reservation Process
The reservation criteria are categorized under GEN-EWS, SC, ST, OBC-NCL, and PwD, each with a specified percentage. Notably, NITs reserve 50% of seats for home-state candidates and the remaining 50% for candidates from other states. IIITs and CFTIs follow the All India Quota, eliminating home state or other state quotas.
Claiming benefits involves submitting the required documents, including category certificates, during counseling.
Addressing Equality in Higher Education
JEE Main Reservation is a policy designed to promote equality and social justice in higher education. By providing opportunities to candidates from disadvantaged and marginalized groups, the reservation system aims to reduce the gap between privileged and underprivileged sections of society. It ensures diverse representation in engineering fields, acknowledging India’s rich diversity and upholding constitutional rights.
Evolution of JEE Main Reservation
The JEE Main Reservation Policy has evolved over the years to adapt to changing socioeconomic conditions. Initially implemented by CBSE in 2006 for AIEEE, the policy underwent modifications, with NTA taking over in 2019. The introduction of the Generally Economically Weaker Section (GEN-EWS) category in 2019 further expanded the inclusivity of the reservation system.
General Eligibility Criteria and JEE Main 2024 Reservation: Key Points
Apart from category-specific reservation, JEE Main has general eligibility criteria, including:
- Minimum of 75% in XII board exams.
- Compulsory subjects: Physics, Chemistry, and Math.
- No age limit.
- Scoring 20 percentile in 10+2 boards.
- Qualifying JEE Main for JEE Advanced eligibility.
Candidates under reservation criteria have separate rankings, ensuring fair representation.
How to Claim JEE Main Reservation 2024
Claiming JEE Main Reservation involves mentioning the category and relevant details in the application form, along with submitting valid certificates during counseling. Failure to provide necessary documents leads to consideration under the unreserved category.
JEE Main Reservation Criteria 2024 for Women
Female candidates can apply under the All India Level or Women Quota System. While most colleges reserve 5% of total seats for female candidates, some offer additional relaxations in admission based on their percentage of marks. Female candidates with disabilities may receive extra relaxation.
JEE Main Reservation Criteria 2024 for PwD Category
The PwD category encompasses various benchmark disabilities, such as blindness, deafness, locomotor disability, autism, and others. Facilities like Scribe/Reader/Lab Assistant are available based on specific disabilities, providing necessary accommodations.
JEE Main 2024 EWS Quota
The 10% reservation for Economically Weaker Sections (EWS) was introduced following the 124th Amendment Bill in the Constitution of India. This reservation benefits candidates with a gross annual income below Rs. 8 lakh, aiming to uplift economically disadvantaged sections.
JEE Main Reservation Criteria in State Universities
State universities adhere to state-specific reservation guidelines, distinguishing between Home State Quota and Other State Quota. Eligibility and reservation criteria vary, and candidates are advised to refer to individual state university websites for precise information.